samedi 19 avril 2014

53 - 在 (grammar) - 港口 - port / 村子 - village

· (located) at
· (to be) in
· to exist
· in the middle of doing sth
· (indicating an action in progress)

Sentence order :

-Subject + 在 +  place + verb

他  在  港口  工作。
-Subject + TIME + 在 +  place + verb

他 2006 年  在  港口    工作。
tā  2006 nián  zài  gǎng kǒu  gōng zuò 。
In  2006 he was working at the port.

我们    上个圣诞节          在瑞士     滑雪。
wǒ men   shàng gè shèng dàn jiē     zài ruì shì    huá xuě
We             last Christams              in Switzerland     did ski.

==> 在 here means "to be located at" and shows the location.

Exception 1:

When you combine  住在 (zhu + zai), it means "to live in" and its the only time 在 is after the verb. 

你住在哪儿 ?
Where do you live ?

我爸爸 住在 法国的 一个 小村子。
wǒ bà bà  zhù zài  fǎ guó de  yī gè  xiǎo cūn zǐ 。
My dad      lives in      France of      a        small village.

Exception 2:

 在 as a verb : 
It can also be used as a verb which means "be located".

Where is your home (located) ?

Where are you (located) now ?


gǎng kǒu
· port
· harbor

· harbor
· Hong Kong (abbr. for  香港)

· mouth
· (classifier for things with mouths such as people, domestic animals, cannons, wells etc)
·  [freq:0]

cūn zǐ
· village

· village

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